Tokyo 2020 to have greater gender balance
The event program at Tokyo 2020 is going to look quite a bit different than the one at Rio 2016 after the IOC’s Executive Board approved a number of changes in June 2017.
Looking solely at the sports contested at Rio 2016, the total number of events is increased by 15 (from 306 to 321) but the total number of athletes in those sports is reduced by 622 (there were 11,238 in Rio) as the Games move closer to a 50-50 split of male and female participants.
These changes are in addition to the five sports – baseball/softball, karate, surfing, sport climbing, skateboarding – which were added to the Tokyo 2020 program a year earlier and will feature 18 new events for 474 more athletes, bringing the overall totals to 339 events and 11,090 athletes.
Four sports – canoe/kayak, rowing, shooting, weightlifting – will now have an equal number of events for men and women. Six sports – canoe/kayak, judo, rowing, sailing, shooting, weightlifting – will now have gender balance in the number of athletes competing.
One area in particular that has seen an increase is the number of mixed gender events, doubling the nine that were included at Rio 2016 to 18.
Here is a complete list of the event changes within the current Olympic sports and how the number of athletes will be affected:
Added: mixed team
This will be the first mixed Olympic event in archery which has had separate gender team events since 1988.
Added: mixed 4x400m relay
Reduced: 105 fewer athletes qualified
Added: men’s 3×3, women’s 3×3 for a total of 64 athletes (32 men, 32 women)
Eight teams will compete in each tournament. 3×3 basketball has been included at the Summer Youth Olympic Games since the inaugural edition at Singapore 2010. FIBA held the fifth edition of its 3×3 World Cup in the Philippines in 2018.
Transfer: two men’s events will become women’s events for a total swap of 44 athletes
At Rio 2016 there were 10 men’s boxing events compared to just three for women. It is still to be confirmed which men’s events will be dropped, but women will now compete in featherweight (57kg) and welterweight (69kg) in addition to flyweight (51kg), lightweight (60kg) and middleweight (75kg).
Transfer: three men’s events will become women’s events for a total swap of 55 athletes
At Rio 2016, 11 of the 16 events were for men. In Tokyo, there will be K-1 and C-1 events for each gender in slalom. On the sprint side, there will be four kayak events and two canoe events for each gender. These will be the first Olympic Games at which women will compete in canoeing, something that happened for the first time at the Pan Am Games at Toronto 2015.
Added: men’s freestyle park, women’s freestyle park
To help achieve gender balance across all of cycling, there will be less men and more women qualified in BMX racing, mountain biking and road cycling. The UCI created the BMX Freestyle Park World Cup in 2016.
Added: men’s Madison, women’s Madison
The men’s Madison had previously been on the program from Sydney 2000 to Beijing 2008 while the women’s Madison will make its Olympic debut after being included at the UCI World Championships for the first time in 2017.
Added: men’s team, women’s team
Until this change, each Games only included team events in two of the three weapons for each gender, which would alternate from Games to Games.
Added: mixed team event
Transfer: 38 athletes will be moved from the men’s events to the women’s events to achieve gender balance
Transfer: one men’s event will become a women’s event
Reduction: 24 fewer athletes qualified
At Rio 2016 there were eight men’s events and six women’s events. At Tokyo 2020 both genders will compete in the same seven events (single sculls, pair, double sculls, four, quad sculls, eight, lightweight double sculls).
Transfer: mixed multihull becomes mixed foiling multihull
Reduction: 30 fewer athletes qualified
Transfer: three men’s events will become mixed events
Reduction: 30 fewer athletes qualified
At Rio 2016 there were nine men’s events and six women’s events. At Tokyo 2020 there will be mixed team events in 10m air rifle, 10m air pistol and trap. Gone are the men’s double trap, men’s 50m rifle prone, and men’s 50m pistol.
Added: men’s 800m freestyle, women’s 1500m freestyle, mixed 4x100m medley relay
Reduced: 22 fewer athletes qualified
Both freestyle events have been included at the FINA World Championships since 2001 and now fully equalize the men’s and women’s race programs. The men’s 800m freestyle addition comes just a little too late for the retired Ryan Cochrane who was a three-time world medallist in the event. The mixed 4x100m medley relay made its world championship debut in 2015.
Added: mixed doubles
Added: mixed team relay
The mixed team relay has been on the program of the Summer Youth Olympic Games since they were first held at Singapore 2010. It was also included at recent editions of the Asian Games and Commonwealth Games and will debut at the Pan Am Games in 2019. Teams of two men and two women will each complete a short-course triathlon (300m swim, 8km bike, 2km run) before tagging off to a teammate.
Added: two women’s teams, increasing tournament field from eight to 10
The men’s tournament remains at 12 teams but team sizes will be reduced, dropping the total number of athletes by 18.
Reduction: one men’s weight category removed and 64 fewer athletes qualified
At Rio 2016 there were eight men’s events and seven women’s events. It is still to be confirmed what the seven men’s eight categories will be.
Reduction: 56 fewer athletes qualified to achieve gender balance in freestyle wrestling
You can see the complete event program for Tokyo 2020 here.